DocMus-tohtorikoulun julkaisuja

DocMus Research Publications

DocMus Research Publications is a series of scholarly research publications by the Sibelius Academy since 2012 led by Professor Anne Kauppala, Editor-in-Chief. The other members of the editorial board are Dr Vice-Dean Tuire Kuusi, Dr Peter Peitsalo and Professor Lauri Suurpää.


The publication series has implemented the label for peer-reviewed scholarly publications of the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies and is committed to follow the guidelines for the mark. More information available here. All manuscripts intended for publication in the DocMus Research Publications series (both monographs and anthologies) undergo peer review. Other pieces of writing, such as prefaces, will be dealt with by the editorial board and can be published without an external scholarly quality assessment. 


The editorial policy of the series follows the principles of the Academy of Finland, the peer-review guidelines of the Finnish Association for Scholarly Publishing (only in Finnish) and the Finnish Advisory Board on Research Integrity's (TENK) Responsible Conduct of Research guidelines.


ISSN 2341-8257 (printed); ISSN 2341-8265 (pdf)

Editorial Board

Professor Anne Kauppala (Editor-in-Chief)

Vice Dean Tuire Kuusi

DMus Peter Peitsalo

Professor Lauri Suurpää

Professor Juha Ojala


Contact: firstname.lastname (at)

Instructions for writers

Authors can offer complete anonymised (with the personal details of the authors removed, MS Word or PDF) manuscripts for publication that fit the profile of the series; the manuscripts should contain an abstract (300–500 words). They must adhere to consistent style and referencing principles, e.g. Harvard, Chicago, APA, or the series’ own guidelines. A separate short CV of the author (max. 200 words) should be included in the message.


It is recommended that the Editor-in-Chief of the series is contacted first with a proposal of the topic, to be followed by a manuscript sample of sufficient development so as to enable its accurate assessment (e.g. list of contents and one whole chapter of the book; in an anthology, the names of the articles and their authors as well as the editor’s details). DocMus Research Publications does not publish doctoral dissertations or other academic thesis.


A publication proposal is to include the names of all authors of the publication and their contact details as well as information about the contact person for the publication proposal. All images, tables, music samples, etc. shall be delivered as print-quality files (e.g. PDF, GIF, TIFF, EPS). The author is responsible for ensuring that the manuscript does not infringe the copyright of a third party (e.g. regarding the images) or other immaterial rights. Before sending the publication proposal, all authors/editors of the volume must approve the publication proposal


The manuscript presented must be previously unpublished, and it cannot be submitted at the same time via other publication forums.


The publication proposal is sent to the Editor-in-Chief, who, together with the editorial board, decides on sending the manuscript to anonymous peer reviewers (following the reviewing principle of double blind). The editorial board decides on the acceptance of the manuscript based on the reviewers’ statements. The statements, or a summary of them, will be sent to the relevant authors.  The editorial staff will archive the offered manuscripts, the statements, and the names of the statement providers.


A written publication contract will be made with the author/authors of a manuscript that is approved for publication.

Author Guidelines for preparing article manuscripts (anthology)

The antologies of the Series have two formats: print form and electronic file. The language of the volume is British English, and British spellings and punctuation should thus be used consistently (see particulars below). There will be language correction for manuscripts accepted for publication, but we still ask non-native authors to have their texts corrected before sending their submissions.


The expected length of each article is approximately 10–20 pages, including bibliography.


The manuscript together with an English abstract (ca. 300–500 words) should be sent by Editor in Chief as a word document file to the Editors, along with all other pertinent material (e.g. photographs, illustrations, charts) in appropriate electronic files (.jpg, etc.). Please also provide a brief presentation about yourself (max. 200 words) for inclusion in the volume.


All articles will be peer reviewed by two anonymous readers.


  • You may mark the bibliographical references as text references or as footnotes. But, choose one system for bibliographical references, either footnotes or in-text references, not both.
  • For in-text references give the author’s surname (without a comma), year of publication, page number(s). End the reference entry with a period (.), and separate multiple references with a semicolon (;). Examples:  (Lewenhaupt 1988, 119; Dixelius-Brettner 1919, 227–229; Rutherford 2009, 2, 21, 179–202).
  • If you use footnotes (not endnotes) make use of the automatic continuous footnote numbering in the word programme, and start with the number 1. Superscript numerals (e.g. the footnote numerals) should normally follow punctuation (s.v. “Quotations and quotation marks” below).  
  • The footnote format should be as follows: when citing sources, give the author’s surname (without a comma), year of publication, page number(s). End the reference entry with a period(.), and separate multiple references with a semicolon (;). Examples:  Lewenhaupt 1988, 119; Dixelius-Brettner 1919, 227–229; Rutherford 2009, 2, 21, 179–202.
  • Cite newspapers as follows (when no article title and/or author is indicated in the original):
  • Helsingfors Dagblad 9 September 1863.
  • Cite references to letters as follows: c) Emilie Bergbom > Ida Basilier, Helsingfors 1 May 1871; Emilie Bergbom > Kaarlo Bergbom, Helsingfors 2 July 1871, Finnish Literature Society/Literary Archives, Emilie Bergbom’s Archives nr. 51 and 45 (respectively).
  • Along with sources, footnotes may contain additional information.


The bibliography should list all sources cited in the text, with full bibliographical details given for each. List reseach materials first (e.g. music manuscripts, contemporary newspapers, archival documents, original diaries, letters, minutes of meetings, personal notes) as in the following example:

Archival sources

Kaarlo and Emilie Bergbom’s Archive, Finnish Literature Society, Literary Archives.


Ludvig Josephson’s Archive, National Library of Sweden.

Libretti and scores

Cammarano, Salvatore and Leone Emanuele Bardare 2009 (1853), Il trovatore / Der Troubadour (Giuseppe Verdi), transl. Henning Mehnert, Stuttgart: Reclam.


Verdi, Giuseppe 2009 (1853). Il trovatore, full score, Milano: Ricordi.

Newspapers and periodicals

Bayreuther Blätter 1891.

Helsingfors Dagblad 1863.

Fiction, Poetry, Epics

Eschenbach, Wolfram von 1898. Parzival, ed. Wilhelm Hertz, Stuttgart: J.G. Cotta.


Froelich, Carl 1913. Richard Wagner – Eine Film-Biographie zur Feier der 100. Wiederkehr des Geburtstages des Meisters, Berlin: Messter Film GmbH. Re-published as DVD Silent Wagner, Tony Palmer Films TPDVD171, 2010.


After the section for research materials in the bibliography, list your Research Literature in alphabetical order (see below).

Research Literature

Brigden, Susan 1982. Youth and the English Reformation, Past and Present, 95: 37–67.


Fitzmaurice, James 2003. Autobiography, Parody and the Sociable Letters of Margaret Cavendish, in Stephen Clucas (ed.), A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, Aldershot: Ashgate. 69–86.


Rutherford, Susan 2009. The Prima Donna and Opera, 1815–1930, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Werner, Michael and Bénédicte Zimmermann 2006. Beyond comparison: histoire croisée and the challenge of reflexivity, History and Theory, 45/1: 30–50.

Internet sources

Cite internet sources as follows: <> and give the date of access.

Typographical issues

Quotations and quotation marks

Quotations/extracts must reproduce the original text exactly in both spelling and punctuation (including mistakes in the original; in such cases indicate the error by inserting the word sic in square brackets [sic] immediately following the mistake or give an explanatory footnote). Translations of foreign language quotations should be provided in English in the main body of the text, with the original language supplied in a footnote.


Quotations/extracts of fewer than 50 words can be worked into the main body of the text and should be clearly marked with opening and closing quotation marks. Quotations/extracts of 50 words or more should be set as a separate, indented paragraph without quotation marks (the so-called display quote). Notes or editorial comments within quotations/extracts should appear in square brackets. Any omission in the quotation must be indicated by an ellipsis, as follows: [...].


The source of the quotation/extract should always be included, either in the introductory sentence or in the footnotes.


Quotation marks should be double (“ ”) and turned in the English-language way (not “  “). Use single marks only for quotations within quotations (‘ ’). For all quotation marks, use curly marks, not straight ones, as shown here: ` ΄.


The closing quotation mark should precede any punctuation, unless the text quoted forms a complete sentence; for example:


He commented that it was the best of times’, but she retorted, It was the worst of times.’”


Underlining should be avoided, unless it appears in the original (including quotations from letters). Otherwise, where possible use italics for emphasis, and indicate clearly whose emphasis this is (yours or someone else’s).

Photographs, illustrations, musical examples, figures

Do not embed any photographs, musical examples or figure illustrations in the Word files. Instead, save them in a separate file and label them clearly; for example,  Fig1.tif, or Fig 2.jpg, etc. Using square brackets, indicate directly in the text where you would like the figure to appear; for example:

[insert Figure1 here – Wagner’s portrait]

We will place it as close to the indication as possible.


For music examples, please supply:

  1. the original files (preferably in Sibelius format); and
  2. high-resolution 1200 dpi TIF files or high-resolution PDF files with fonts embedded.

Provide captions for all illustrations, photographs, figures, music examples, etc. The captions should be brief, informative and clearly numbered to indicate the appropriate item (photograph, figure, etc.). Place the caption for the text file with an insertion instruction at the point in the text where the captioned item is to appear; e.g.:


Example 1. Richard Wagner, Tannhäuser, Overture, bars 1–10.


Permissions/copyrights should appear in the List of Music Examples, not with the captions, unless otherwise specified by the copyright holder.

Further important details


Avoid whenever possible. If abbreviations are needed, then write out the term in full at its first appearance followed by its abbreviation in round brackets. Abbreviations are usually expressed without full stops: GNP, USA, PhD


Abbreviations that end with the same letter as the original word, such as eds, edn, Mr and Dr, should not be followed by a full stop.


Abbreviations that do not end with the last letter of the original word, such as ed. or ch., should have a full stop; hence, eds (editors) and ed. (editor) are both correct.


The following abbreviations are acceptable:  i.e., e.g., Vol. 1.


Give the artist, the title of the work (in italics), its dimensions (in cm), the medium, date and source. This information should follow the image caption.

Bold, Italics, Underlining

The use of bold should be restricted to A-level headings only. Use italics instead of bold to emphasize words within the text. However, if you are quoting a letter that uses underline or bold for emphasis, then underlining or bold should be used. Avoid overuse of emphasis in the text through typefonts.


Italics should be used for titles of books and journals, newspapers, films, plays, stage directions, foreign words/phrases, song titles, etc.

Capital letters

Aside from their use in proper names, capital letters should be used sparingly. Do use capitals to distinguish the specific from the general: ‘He is Professor of Economics at Oxford University’ , but ‘He is a professor at Oxford University’.


Pre-decimal currency (UK) should be formatted thus: £3, 3s, 3d.

Dashes and hyphens

Please turn off the automatic hyphenation.


Spaced en dashes – not em dashes (—) or hyphens (-) – should be used for parenthetical comments.


En dashes (–) should be used rather than hyphens in date ranges and number spans, for example: 1920–30 and 47–69. Also use en dashes in links such as “cost–benefit analysis”.


Hyphenation should be used in dates when these are adjectival, such as “in seventeenth-century Sweden”; otherwise, no hyphen is used: “Bach was born in the seventeenth century.”


Cite dates in British English style: 18 August 2000.


Decades should appear without an apostrophe: the 1990s, the 90s.


Plurals do not take an apostrophe unless the word is also possessive. For example: the MPs of the 1950s. Cf. The MPs’ decision was negative.

Ellipses and square brackets

The correct form for marking an ellipsis is […] with a character space on either side of the bracket.


Square brackets are also used to indicate editorial comments, translations in the text or interpolations into quotations.


The main font is Times New Roman, 12 pt.

Foreign words

Accents should be retained in foreign words, with the exception of French uppercase letters, such as école and Ecole. Foreign words should be italicized.


Top, bottom, left, right – in each case the margin is consistently 3 cm.

Measures and other numbers

Units of measure do not take a full stop (mm, kg) nor do they take a final “s” in the plural (70 cm, 100 g). There should be a space between the number and the unit of measure, for example, 3 kg, but no space between initials (J.J. Smith).


Numbers from one to nine should be written out in full unless they are accompanied by a unit of measure, for example: 3 kg, 5 m or 2 per cent. Numbers that begin a sentence should always be written out in full. Centuries should also be written out in full (the nineteenth century). Numbers over nine should appear in figures, unless the number is used in general terms, for example: “about a hundred people” (numbers used within the same sentence may follow one style). Numbers with four or more digits should be separated by a comma (4,000).


Numbers denoting a range (of dates, pages, etc.) should be written out in full; for example: 22–23, 1944–1946 or 100–103 (not: 1944–46, 22–3, 100–3). This directive also applies to the bibliography.


Apply automatic page numbering for your article starting with 1.

Paragraphs, sections, and headings

Use indentations to indicate a change of paragraph, rather than double spacing. Use first-line indents, not tabs.


Number the sections in the text with roman numerals, even if you need only A-level headings. And besides the roman numerals, provide titles for the sections in your article.


The possessive “s” should be used as follows: Keynes’s, Jones’s; however, in the case of classical and biblical names, it should be: Theophilus’, Moses’, Jesus’.


Cite as Act I, scene 3.

Spellings and contractions

Use “-ize” in spellings (i.e. organization rather than organisation, emphasize rather than emphasise).


Avoid excessive use of contractions (I’d, they’ll, aren’t, wouldn’t).


Bullet points (•): Use these in making lists.


Percentages: The % symbol should only be used in tables and figures; otherwise, it should be written as ‘per cent’ (two words) in the text.


Ampersand (&): Use the ampersand sparingly. Normally, it is properly used only when the symbol is an official part of a company name, for example, Breitkopf & Härtel, Marks & Spencer, AT&T. Otherwise, spell out the word “and”.

Copyright Permissions and Legal Issues

It is the responsibility of each author to seek written permission for any work under copyright, and also to settle any relevant fees, a process that can take a considerable amount of time. Start the application process early, as soon as you know which material you want to include. Permissions must have been granted at the time the article is submitted.


Apply to the correct copyright holder, who is often the publisher rather than the author of the material. Copyright for an image or figure may be held by someone other than the author. Acknowledgements in published sources should help in identifying the copyright holder(s). Note that music may still be under copyright 70 years after the death of its composer.


In applying for copyright use, be sure to obtain both print and electronic rights (ebook usage). 




Instructions for reviewers

When taking on a peer-review task, the expert shall confirm that he or she understands and commits to the following principles:

  • The expert cannot act as a reviewer if he or she is biased. The guidelines of the Academy of Finland, the Finnish Association for Scholarly Publishing and TENK shall be followed in these verdicts.
  • All manuscripts to be reviewed constitute confidential material. They may not be discussed or shown to outside parties.
  • The content of an unpublished manuscript may not be used for the expert’s own benefit.

The purpose of an expert statement is to help the Editor-in-Chief and editorial board decide on the scholarly eligibility for publication of the manuscript under consideration and to help the author to improve the manuscript. Therefore, a copy of the statement or a summary of it is also sent to the author.


The expert writes a statement which expresses an opinion, with justification, of the merits and shortcomings of the manuscript with regard to its content, structure, possible illustrations, and other noteworthy aspects. A typical review statement is 2–6 pages, and it shall be sent to the Editor-in-Chief in accordance with the agreed-upon schedule. The expert is encouraged to employ the following scale in his or her assessment:

  • The manuscript can be published as it is.
  • The manuscript can be published with the small amendments proposed.
  • The manuscript can be approved if the significant amendments and alterations proposed are made. In this case, a second peer reviewing is required.
  • The manuscript is recommended for rejection (grounds).

The assessment is supported by answers to the following questions:

  • Are the research question, material, and methods presented in a comprehensible way and with a sufficient degree of precision?
  • Does the author know the sources and the literature of his or her subject area and does he or she make use of them sufficiently and reliably? If necessary, recommend new literature sources.
  • Observations about the structure and language of the text.
  • Does the author deliver on the promise he or she made in the introduction, and does the material support the conclusions?
  • What is the novelty of the results in comparison with earlier research?
  • What is the relationship between the possible illustrations and text of the manuscript? Are the images informative and necessary?

The expert statement is to be written in a constructive, encouraging and justified way, taking into account that the styles of writers are different and a plurality of voices is a part of research. If the expert considers the theoretical framework, research literature, source materials, or methods to be deficient, the expert should help the author with concrete suggestions to improve the manuscript.


The statement must show the possible overlap between the manuscript and previously published material as well as possible suspicions of plagiarism or shortcomings with regard to attribution of references or sources.


No fee is paid for the statement; expert review tasks are counted as academic merits.

The peer-review process

- All publication proposals shall be dealt with by the editorial board. It will make an initial assessment of the suitability of the manuscript for the publication programme and decide on a case-by-case basis on starting a peer-review process. The Editor-in-Chief may, after consulting with the editorial board, reject the manuscript offered or ask the author to make amendments to the manuscript before the peer-review process is initiated.

- The Editor-in-Chief shall ask, after having heard the editorial board’s opinion, for statements about the manuscript's suitability for publication from at least two persons invited to take part in the review process. The reviewers must be from outside the editorial staff and independent of the manuscript to be reviewed. Moreover, their qualifications should include a completed doctoral degree and professional experience in the academic field in question.

- When selecting an expert, a prior attempt is made to establish that the reviewer is not biased. The guidelines of the Academy of Finland, the Finnish Association for Scholarly Publishing, and TENK shall be followed in these verdicts.

- Reviewers operate anonymously, but the editorial staff will archive the publication proposals, the statements,  and the names of the reviewers.

- In the process, the comprehensiveness of the text intended for publication is assessed as well as the management of the theoretical framework, the reliability and accuracy of the research process execution, and the newness of the results in relation to previous research in a way that is particular to the academic field in question. 

Each reviewer shall propose either rejecting the publication proposal, approving it as it is, or approving it with specified alterations. 

- Based on the statements provided, the Editor-in-Chief, together with the editorial board, makes a final decision on the publication of the manuscript under consideration.

- The authors are sent a notification about the acceptance or rejection of the publication proposal in addition to suggested changes related to the manuscript that may be required for its publication. At the same time, the authors are sent the reviewers’ statements or the Editor-in-Chief’s summary of these statements. 

In the case of individual articles, the peer-review process ideally takes a maximum of two months, but in the case of a monograph, the process may last longer.

Publications list

Peitsalo, Peter, Jullander, Sverker & Kuikka, Markus (Eds.):
Liturgical Organ Music in the Long Nineteenth Century: Preconditions, Repertoires and Border-Crossings.
DocMus Research Publications, vol. 10 (2017)


Kauppala, Anne, Broman-Kananen, Ulla-Britta & Hesselager, Jens
Tracing Operatic Performances in the Long Nineteenth Century
DocMus Research Publications, vol. 9 (2017)


Margit Rahkonen, Anikka Konttori-Gustafsson & Markus Kuikka (toim.):
Kartanoista kaikkien soittimeksi - pianonsoiton historiaa Suomessa
DocMus-tohtorikoulun julkaisuja 8 (2016)


Matti Huttunen & Annikka Konttori-Gustafsson (toim.):
"Ijäisen nuoruuden" musiikkia. Kirjoituksia 1920-luvun modernismista
DocMus-tohtorikoulun julkaisuja 7 (2015)


Hämäläinen, Kati: Ranskan barokin gregoriaanisia sävelmiä Guillaume-Gabriel Niversin kirjoista
DocMus-tohtorikoulun julkaisuja 6 (2015)


Juntunen, Marja-Leena: Kaiken lisäksi nainen. Ellen Urhon ammatillinen elämäkerta.
DocMus-tohtorikoulun julkaisuja 5 (2013)


Sivuoja, Anne, Ander, Owe, Broman-Kananen, Ulla-Britta & Hesselager, Jens (Eds.):
Opera on the Move in the Nordic Countries during the Long 19th Century 
DocMus-tohtorikoulun julkaisuja 4 (2012)


Tuppurainen, Erkki (toim.): Codex Westh: Westhin koodeksin kirkkolaulut
DocMus-tohtorikoulun julkaisuja 2 (2012)